For those wishing to investigate in more depth the two strikes mentioned by Prof. Patricia Reeve in her talk — the Lawrence, MA Strike of 1912 (the “Bread and Roses” Strike) and the Uprising of the 20,000 (the New York City Garment Workers Strike of 1909), below are links to additional primary sources, background information, and related topics. Enjoy!
Lawrence Strike of 1912 (Bread and Roses Strike)
Northeast Mass Digital Library on Lawrence, MA strike
Radicals of the Worst Sort: Laboring Women in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1860-1912 By Ardis Cameron (Google Books)
Wiki entry on Anna LoPizzo, a slain mill worker during the strike of 1912, (actual name was Anna LaMonica).
Bread and Roses Heritage Committee website.
Lawrence Heritage State Park website.
Lawrence Public Library, Lawrence Textile Strike of 1912 Bibliography. Includes broadsides, scrapbooks, and photos from 1912 in collection!
Using Essex History website. Has lesson plans on immigration, 1912 strike, and progressivism.
Kansas City Star, 1912-03-06
Strike Waifs Are Content. Homes in New York Mean No Hunger to Lawrence Children
Lucie LeBlanc Consentino’s blog Acadian & French-Canadian Ancestral Home about Bread and Roses Strike of 1912.
Rethinking Schools lesson on the 1912 Lawrence Strike.
Mass Moments “Bread and Roses Strike Begins”
The Bread and Roses Strike 1912 Ron Miller, Jewett Academy Lesson .
Teacher’s Guide for Bread and Roses, Too by Katherine Paterson. This is a popular young adult books about the 1912 Lawrence strike.
HistoryConnected Wiki — a TAH grant for North Boston suburbs– links to resource about 1912 Lawrence Strike: BreadandRosesResources
Uprising of the 20,000 (NYC Strike of 1909)
NPR: Intern Edition podcast on the Uprising of the 20,000. This piece has sound and pictures, and includes interview quotes.
Wikipedia entry on Clara Lemlich. See links at bottom of page for primary source documents.
AFL-CIO entry on the Uprising of the 20,000.
Jewish Women’s Archive encyclopedia article. It has bibliographic sources.
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire from Cornell University
Women, Work, and Unions
Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United States, (1982) by Alice Kessler-Harris (Google Books)
Working Women, 1800-1930 from Harvard University Open Collections. Variety of links by sub-topic.
Women and Labor Unions (19th C.) from About.com
National Women’s History Project links to Women’s History Resources
Labor Unions/Labor Movement in General
History of the labor movement in the United States, Volume 1 by Philip Sheldon Foner
Report of the Special Commission on Social Insurance. February, 1917 p. 16 mention of fraternal organizations paying insurance (Italian)
Robert Asher “Business and Workers Welfare in the Progressive Era: Workmen’s Compensation Reform in Massachusetts, 1880-1911″ JSTOR article
Massachusetts, Reports of the Bureau of Statistics of Labor. 1870-1920. Harvard University Open Collections.